Andrew Fletcher famously said, “Let me make the songs of a nation, and I care not who makes its laws.”

The first time I came across this quotes, was in one of Ravi Zacharias’ messages. I had to to pause for a while, take it back, and listen again.

Source: Wikipedia

On the surface, the quote might seem not to be ambitious enough. However, a deep look into it, will wow you. I don’t think Fletcher was a man who saw the world like most of us.

A look at majority of those who shaped history will reveal that these guys weren’t focused on writing laws, but shaping art, songs and culture. Somehow, I have come to see that in such ways, are changes made and influence birth.

Mental Floss

Leornado, Shakespeare, Langston and a whole host of others are men who shaped the world through their art, than most laws do. We can’t also deny the influence that “Fashion” as a form of art, can make people do the most ridiculous of things. The #EndSARS protest in Nigeria was made even bigger by the influence of art and other things.

In the long run, Art is life.


Friends are some of the most amazing treasures one can have.

No man can fully exist or reach his potential without friends.

Lately, I have been forced to ask myself if friendships are eternal. I mean, we make friends with people we have shared values with. But, as we grow, some of these values change and the quest to go in search of greener pastures pull us apart.

We have made the mistakes of confusing acquaintances for friends, neighbours for friends, colleagues for friends, and so on. Thus bombarding individuals with responsibilities they are not prepared for. When we do not get the same energy we have invested into our supposed friendship, we become obsessed and have the feelings of being betrayed.

In my opinion, friendship, should be like dating. We ask for the permission of those we intend to make friends and see if they are willing to be committed. This way, we distinguish friends from acquaintances, thereby taming feelings of entitlement.

Dancing in the Dark by Muyiwa Joseph

It is said, “When you know your enemy, you will know how to outwit him.” For most of us, we have been dancing our entire life in the dark. Thinking that everything is just a product of chance.

Dancing in the Dark is a story with several characters with a common link: Lyop and Nimfa Miri, parents to the twins who altered the future: Nanre and Nana. Isaac Ameh: an indie journalist who made the greatest sacrifice twice and helped in the discovery of the mystery. Michael Morgan, a symbolist and an atheist. Becky, the pastor’s daughter living double lives.

The story began in Mambele, a village in Langtang North, where a man sacrificed himself and became the “author of magic”. The aim was to have fertility and prosperity in the land. He gives out a portion of magic to families but at a price. For the Miris, Lyop would not conceive. Nimfa goes all out to see that his wife conceives. Eventually, he succeeds some how. The villagers soon realised that he practised dark magic. The Miris were exiled from the land.

In about a hundred years later, girls in Baruwa hostel in Lateef University will be found in a pool of their blood, between every four to seven days. Commotion sets in and questions asked. The story from a century past may have been the cause. The “author of magic” told Nimfa that his second daughter will die by age 23. In a bid to change the bespoke misfortune, Nimfa and Lyop died, as sacrifice. Their daughters were 12-year-olds at the time. In the quest for something better, Nanre leaves the forest with a promise to return. Nana learns of the dealings of her Dad and attempts to right his wrongs: to save herself from being the sacrifice by 23. She learns to communicate with the “author of magic”. She was offered an “impossible” option: to kill her sister, who got married and is a believer, far from the forest, to replace her. Nana’s sacrifice in appeasement of the “author of magic” are the lives of girls in Baruwa hostel perpetuated by the person of her reincarnation. Nanre’s reincarnate is her grand-daughter who has six fingers on one hand just as Nanre. What was done years ago must be altered. The willingness of a few to solve a problem becomes the only saving Grace.

This book is a beautiful piece of art! It is composed of separate plots; yet not disjointed. The suspense gripped me based on the quest to know what happens next while hoping the story doesn’t end just immediately.

Anyone interested in the discuss of faith in the African context, Nigeria in particular, should try this book.

This is Joseph’s second book. I have read his first, Akudaaya. I consider him as “African Ted Dekker”.


We do not wish to denigrate the efforts of Nigerian clinicians or medical practitioners as to emphasis their errors and undoings. However, it has become pertinent to ring an alarm on the thriving rate of medical negligence, leading to a spike in mortality rate, and undue terminal illnesses on patients who approach them for help.

Negligence as a tort, consists of the breach of a legal duty to take care. This often results in damage, undesired by the defendant to the plaintiff(victim). This legal obligation flows from the duty man owes to another. This is both a divine obligation and a legal duty. This has gotten a legal backing following the principle in the case of “Donogue V Stevenson” expounded in the ‘Neighbor principle’.

The tort of negligence is both a commission and an omission. Suffice is to say that, failure to do a thing leading to harm on another can also be construed as negligence of some sort. Also, Any careless and unreasonable action, which causes damage is actionable in Law.  This commission and omission leads to liability for the tort of negligence.


For an action to succeed for negligence, it must be established that:
1. The defendant owes a legal duty to take care to the party towards a complaining party.

2. The defendant breached that duty.

3. The plaintiff suffered undesirable, and consequential damage due to the breach of that duty

4. The damage which was reasonably foreseeable resulted from the breach of such duty to take care (proximity).

The principle enunciated in the case of “Donugue v Stevenson,” brings us to a confluence between a legal and a moral obligation which one man, owes another. This principle posit it that “you must love your neighbor and must not do anything that causes injury to your neighbor.” Here, it was established that my neighbor is any person who is closely or directly affected by my actions that I ought to have in my contemplations. This treats negligence to mean an act or omission causing injury or harm to a person regardless of intentions or the state of mind.

The categories of negligence are countless. There are a lot of duty situations in practice ranging from employer to employees and vis a versa; duty of road users to one another and pedestrians, lawyers and solicitors to clients etc. However, this piece focuses on Negligence carried out by professionals in the medical sector. Medical practitioners such as doctors, Pharmacists, Laboratory Scientists, doctors et al., owe their patients a duty to care.

Everyone in the medical profession undertakes to exercise a reasonable level of care and skill. This therefore, assures patients that reasonable care and caution will be taken in the dispensation of the professionals’ duty.

This seeming assurance doesn’t mean that the practitioner determines the result or outcome of an operation, but that such professional has the requisite training and skill in the profession that commands the trust of the patient. This is an undertaking that such professional will carry out his\her duty with utmost care and skill. 
Medical negligence has wide coverage ranging from misdiagnosis, wrong decisions and treatment method, abandonment of hpatients, prescription errors, drug dosage errors or surgical errors which may lead to increased morbidity, permanent injury or death.


Medical practitioners owe the following duties to the patients:

1. A duty of care in deciding whether to undertake the case.

2. A duty of care in deciding what treatment to administer.

3. A duty of care in the administration of treatment in a proper manner and magnitude.

It is generally expected of such a professional to show a fair, reasonable and competent degree of skill. It is not required that he should use the highest degree of skill, for there may be persons who have higher education and greater advantages than he has, nor will he be held to have a guaranteed a cure.


medical professionals will be held liable for medical negligence on two findings by the court on professional standard viz:

1. That such professional is not possess of the requisite skill or knowledge which he\she professed to have possessed.This is an error by a medical professional traceable to ignorance on technical matters that any one of that profession ought to be familiar with.

2. That such professional did not exercise reasonable competence and skill in the given case which he did posses. A degree of prudence and caution should be traceable in the manner a practitioner carried out his duties. 

The recent spike in the rate of deaths caused by gross medical negligence is alarming and calls for caution. This caution is a threefold; first to the medical practitioners; secondly, the patients and thirdly, law makers/government respectively.

This is to ring an alarm and draw the attention of Nigerian Legislators to the growing number of cases of medical negligence to take proactive measures to save humanity before it is wiped off.
It is understandable and globally accepted that death is the fate of every man, conversely, the life of one should not be cut short, because of the negligence of another or human errors that could have been avoided.

It is both a professional duty by law and a moral obligation. Nigeria is a very religious country that we largely let serious issues slide due to the religious connotations we have attached to the flaws of man.
The plight of Patients/victims is largely of ignorance of their fundamental rights. While some are genuinely ignorant of their rights, a larger percentage of the educated Nigerians may be aware of their rights and duties owed them by law but will rather ‘leave things in the hands of god,’ than to institute legal action in the face of glaring negligence or harm. It either that, “it is the will of God, or it is fate or Gods time.”

Failure to administer optimal care to a patient is a breach of their fundamental right and it is actionable in the Court of Law. Aggrieved persons should thereby approach the Court for re-dress. In like manner, the government should ensure they provide recent technologies and medical equipment for efficient medical service delivery. On a whole, Medical practitioners should step up!

ALCOHOL: The New Poison.

Oftentimes, I find writing about certain topics, probably more complex and undesirable. Reason is, they are a little not clear, and I feel like writing them, rather than having a podcast over them, will not just be enough to paint my view.

Some few weeks back, I joined this writer’s group, to learn and hopefully earn afterward. It has been an amazing journey and my Tutor (Eno) is such an amazing human. The thing, is in one of the classes, we were asked to write about our Niche in line of the “why, who and what”. I feel like, my niche is all about writing on what I believe in. Many might disagree with what I think, but if it makes a man’s life better, I will be fulfilled.

Working at the hospital, will reveal all kind of humans to you: The good, the bad and the Ugly. I haven’t stayed long in the profession, but I have had my fair share of them all. Lately, the ones more common and spirit breaking, are the ones who bring a patient to the hospital, and they themselves are all drunk and are of no help at all. People, who can not do the hospital running, neither can they be donors if there is need for blood donation, nor do they have any cash on them to help get drugs and all.

This has me wondering, and revisiting the damages “alcohol,” has done. I have a lot of childhood friends and Childhood classmates, I even find it difficult to see. Maybe it’s just me, but I get scared of what has happened to them. Dreams crushed, many are junkies, some unplanned mothers, others with scars from fighting, and others the cause of their parents sicknesses or deaths as a result of alcoholic influence. Many men, have become wife beaters, fathers who do not care about their kids wellbeing, other than their own thirst to be drunk. Husbands who don’t work, but rather steal the little the wife tries to bring home to take care of the kids, Persons who have ruin their family finances as a result of Alcoholic liver Disease.

If a debate where to be held, I probably will support the motion stating that “alcohol has more damaging effect than good.” In most regions, it is the leading cause of crimes; Arm robbery, rape, Abused, gang wars, poverty and a whole lot of things. Somehow, many will say that all these are as result of uncontrolled Alcohol consumption. I have however been forced to asked myself, if such substances that alter ones perception of life and happiness can be controlled. Somehow, Alcohol has become acceptable and a part of our life, but I have asked myself, to what end?

Godiya by Hannatu Pam

“Godiya” is a song expressing gratitude and praise to God. A grateful and thankful heart receives in greater measure from the Lord. Join the many all over the world as we express our gratitude to our Creator through this song.

From the dept of my heart
I have come before you
Holy spirit saturate my heart 2×
I have come before your presence God
Holy spirit saturate my heart 2×
Ga Godiya na Ga sujada na ah
Ni na zo a gaban ka Jehovah 3×

I have nothing to give to you
But I bring myself before you
To give you the sacrifice of praise
I will stay where you build for me.

Ga Godiya na
Ga sujada na ah
Ni na zo a gaban ka Jehovah 3×

Yesu ni….
I wanna worship
I wanna give you
All my worship
You deserve it all
I wanna give you all of me Lord
I give you all my worship Lord
You deserve it all 2×

Ga godiya na
Ga sujuda na ah
Ni na zo a gaban ka Jehovah 3×

“A Revolution from the ground up” by Envoi Vates

I will not write another sad poem about this country.

No more. There’s one too many. I’ll write a hopeful one instead but it will not be on a page. It’ll be on the minds and tongues of young boys. Whatever corruption and decadence we see in this country didn’t start overnight. It took years to thicken. To lock horns with a rotten system that has matured over time will be hard. One will have to do more than chant for a reformation. I’ll have to be active in bringing about this reformation. To take a step back and consciously build another system, a good one. But then we must be reminded that nothing good comes easy or quickly for that matter. Whatever fine apple fruit you’re eating today was planted 5-8 years ago. And so we must start planting, right away. Let each man/woman play their part in bringing about this desired change and let us do so consciously and together. I am particular about boys because it has weighed heavy on my mind and because I used to be one. A very confused one who felt the sting of being clueless.

The boy child needs mentorship, guidance, healthy philosophy on how to be a man. The boy that hasn’t been rooted in virtue or mentored well will become the tyrant, partisan, extremist and cultist that we mourn about today. At the risk of sounding sexist (but not being my intention), men actually do run the world. I say this to bring to your attention the potential of the boy, whether he is groomed right or left to wander off on his own. … Imagine if these tyrants and extremists (most of them being men) were put on a better path from boyhood. I understand that people will ultimately choose for themselves and there will be instances when some will deviate from right to wrong but may it not be because we folded our hands and did nothing. So as a man, I must collect them [boys] like a hen collects her chicks and teach them. To simultaneously teach them how and what to think. To guide them without controlling them or manipulating. To let them see that I have not come to present myself as ‘godfather’ nor will I allow for any unhealthy allegiance to myself. Their allegiance must be to the TRUTH.

I often take into account the analogy presented in Orwell’s political satire – Animal farm. Carefully Consider 2 excerpts. The first – “Napoleon…said that the education of the young was more important than anything that could be done for those who were already grown up. It happened that Jessie and Bluebell had both whelped soon after the hay harvest, giving birth between them to nine sturdy puppies. As soon as they were weaned, Napoleon took them away from their mothers, saying that he would make himself responsible for their education. He took them up into a loft which could only be reached by a ladder from the harness-room room, and there kept them in such seclusion…”

The second excerpt- (after a period of time had gone by in the story’s plot) “Silent and terrified, the animals crept back into the barn. In a moment the dogs came bounding back. At first no one had been able to imagine where these creatures came from, but the problem was soon solved: they were the puppies whom Napoleon had taken away from their mothers and reared privately. Though not yet full−grown, they were huge dogs, and as fierce−looking as wolves. They kept close to Napoleon, It was noticed that they wagged their tails to him…”

Notice the progression?

Good mentors or bad ones will make a lot of difference in the life of a boy and society at large. The boy must not be left to himself. He is the mustard seed and the small beginning we can’t afford to take for granted. If he isn’t presented with good philosophy, bad philosophy will find him. He must be taught what and how to think. He must be exposed to resourcefulness , resolution, confidence, integrity, compassion, accountability among other virtues. This is the path to being a man….and a man that society so desperately needs. This is one way to start a revolution. This is my way. And I’m assuming I’m not the only one sold to this dream.


Each time people say that they have abandoned religion because of religious violence, and embrace atheism, I assume two things.

  1. They do not mean it.
  2. They’ve not looked up the evidence.

I do not want to assume ignorance, that’s too low for anyone bold enough to say they are atheist.

While there has been violence perpetrated in the name of religion, the 20th Century was the first time in history that atheist took over states and had the chance to show the difference. What happened?

The 20th Century was the bloodiest century in all of human history. The cause of death was led primarily by atheistic governments.

Hitler’s Germany that want to purge religion from all the lives of the people led to the death of estimated 85 Million people. In the Soviet Union, where Stalin wanted to make sure there was practice of any form of religion, it is estimated that 15 million people died. In China, Chairman Mao’s regime of terror against religion is responsible for an estimated 35 million deaths.

It is no wonder that as the 21st Century dawned, many states abandoned the policies of purging religion from the lives of the people. The lesson was clear. Mankind will kill in the name of anything. But what, ideas persist even in the face of evidence.

The irony is that it was only in the 20th Century that non violence became mainstream and an important tenet.

Who led such movements? Almost always, it was religious people. From Gandhi to MLK, to fall of communism, to the end of apartheid, to end colonialism, to end slavery, religious people were in the front lines. Far in the front lines. When Gandhi insisted that India will be changed through non violence, he said he was simply living the teachings of Jesus Christ. When MLK advocated for the Civil Rights, he said he was doing God’s will. When William Wilberforce fought against slavery, he said he was following the teachings of the Bible. When Desmond Tutu and Father Trevor Huddleston stood against apartheid, he said he was doing it in the name of God.

There are several ways to look at history, but truth is always one. And in this case, the truth is that violence is a human tendency, not a religious one. Surprisingly, that’s exactly what Christianity says; that mankind left on its own will be like Cain and Abel.


It is trite that where the right of one ends, the right of another begins. Such that while you have the right to swing your arms, it is another’s right to be unharmed and untouched by such act.

Suffice is to say that, I support the Southern Governor’s resolution to ban open grazing and I am particularly moved by their harmony following the consent of their members of the house of representatives.

Open grazing is not in tandem with present day realities. The society evolves and every initiative/business must consistently adopt to this change both to maintain relevance and eschew chaos.

With this resolution, one question comes to mind. WHAT OPTION DOES THE COUNTRY HAS FOR THESE SECT?

Ranching is the practice of raising grazing livestock especially cattle and sheep in an exclusive portion of land. Nigeria is not the only country with livestock farming and shouldn’t cause insecurity to the entire nation and a threat to other’s lives and property.

Mexico, Southern America, Canada, Australia, China, to mention just a few are all involved in cattle farming via the ranging system. Yet, they have not posed a security threat to their nations.

These countries have been able to adapt to present day realities and made use of evolving technology and have produced the largest cattle ranches all over the world such as China modern Dairy, wave Hill, Clifton’s Hill and others thereby boosting their Country’s industry and GDP.

Cattle farming in Nigeria should be done legitimately without being a nuisance to other people considering that we are all Nigerians.

Cattle farmers all over the nation should LEGITIMATELY acquire land for their businesses. If I cannot walk into other people’s farmlands and begin planting simply because I am a Nigerian and my business is farming or forcefully acquire another’s shop because I have a business idea, in like manner a herder should not violently acquire and destroy my farm/property because his business is cattle rearing.

Also, there should be law and order in every sane society. The society should be fair and just to very one.

There are different recognized ways of land acquisition under the Nigerian law ranging from first settlement to transfer of title via sale, mortgages or leases.

Herders should enter MOUs, Sale Agreements and leases with land owners for the use of land. Investors should also consider this venture worth investing in and Government should support this initiative with the requisite technology and basic amenities in order to boost it’s overall economic performance.

On a final note, I commend the stance of the Southern Governors and employ Plateau State and the Middle Belt as a whole to consider and take proactive measures suitable for it’s region. It is actually hard to determine where we stand. We may call ourselves the middle belt but we have a Governor who is the head of Northern Governors forum.


One of the most dangerous things poverty does to a person is that it takes away your options. I hated the reality that poverty imposes on one. I remember watching how one wrong financial decision could affect our family’s feeding habits for a month or even more. Even in my life, I’ve seen the same thing. Just one financial emergency made me crawl through April. As I was going through that experience one thing kept going through my mind: I don’t want to ever be in this position again. It is the same feeling I have whenever I see anyone struggling financially.

For poor people, that is their daily reality. Their monthly reality. Every day is an emergency. Every naira is an emergency. A family’s welfare could be determined by how the next 1,000 Naira is used. There is nothing admirable about this state of living.

That’s what we hope to change. We want people to have more options. Wealth gives people the option to choose what they want to do. With wealth, they can choose the school they want to attend. With wealth, they can choose the food they want to eat. With wealth, they can choose to build more wealth. With wealth, they can choose what to wear, where to live, and what to do. Wealth is simply more options. We want people to have this option. There is nothing glorious in living a life of poverty all through our earthly sojourn.

It is my firm belief that I have a duty to my neighbor, and at this present time, it is to look for him and her and to help them rise out of poverty. When Jesus said “Love your neighbor as yourself”, it tells me that, make sure your neighbor doesn’t live in poverty just like you don’t want to live in one.

Love your neighbor as yourself. That’s all we are trying to do!

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